Troops at Yorktown - France

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The French forces at Yorktown came from two separate sources. The larger force, under the command of Lieutenant General the Comte de Rochambeau, landed at Newport, Rhode Island in 1780, and marched overland to join Washington's army outside New York in the summer of 1781. These troops marched with Washington's army from New York to Yorktown. More of the French troops were transported by boat on the Chesapeake than Americans, due to the French fleet commanders' preferences for transporting their own. The second source for French troops was the Caribbean colony of Saint-Domingue, where Admiral de Grasse picked up more than 3,000 troops under the command of Major General the Marquis de St. Simon before departing for North America. The land forces were also supplemented by a number of marines provided by de Grasse in support of the siege.

 


JOURNAL OF THE SIEGE OF YORKTOWN, 1781
Baron Gaspard de Gallatin

This pamphlet is a translation (by the French department of the College of William and Mary) of the original French manuscript "Journal of the Siege of York Operated by the Army General Staff of the French Army" as recorded in the hand of Baron Gaspard de Gallatin, officer of the Swiss Guard of Louis XVI in the Grenadier Company of the Royal-Deux-Ponts Regiment in Rochambeau's first brigade, which is now the property of M. Edmond Scherdlin, president of the Paris Court of Cassation, a descendant of de Gallatin.

The French Army at Yorktown (page 31)

The Count de Rochambeau Lieutenant General
The Baron deViomenil Marechal de Camp (Major General)
Chevalier de Chatellux Marechal de Camp (Major General)
Marquis de St. Simon Marechal de Camp (Major General)
Count de Vio-menil Marechal de Camp (Major General)
De Choisy Brigadier (Brigadier General)
Duke de Lauzun Brigadier (Brigadier General)
De Beville Brigadier (Brigadier General)
De Custine Brigadier (Brigadier General)

TROOPS

Men

Thirteenth Regiment of Bourbonnais 1000
Forty-first Regiment of Soissonnaisi 1000
Thirty-fourth Regiment of Touraine 1000
Sixteenth Regiment of Agenois 1000
Eighty-fourth Regiment of Saintonge 1000
Eighteenth Regiment of Gatinaisi 1000
One hundred and fourth Regiment of Royal Deux Fonts 1000
Legion of Lauzun 600
Volunteers of St. Simon 300
Detachments of the fleet 800
Artillery, miners, and workmen 600
Total of French Army 9300

French Navy

Count de Grasse General Officers
De Barras General Officers
De Montreuil General Officers
Bougainville General Officers
Warships 36
Frigates 8
War Sloops 6
Transports 26

Artillery

24 pounders 12
16 pounders 10
12 pounders 10
12" Mortars 8
Howitzers 8
Total Ordnance 90 pieces.

 


Order of battle from the wiki:

Commander


Lt. Gen. Comte de Rochambeau, commanding

 

 

Artillery


Lt. Col. Comte d'Aboville

Auxonne Regiment

Metz Regiment

 

 

Infantry


Maj. Gen. Baron de Viomenil's Division

Brigade Bourbonnois
Col. Marquis de Laval
Bourbonnois Regiment
Royal Deux-Ponts Regiment

Maj. Gen. Vicomte de Viomenil's Division

Brigade Soissonois
Col. Marquis de St. Maime
Soissonois Regiment (2 battalions)
Saintonge Regiment (2 battalions)

Maj. Gen. Marquis de St. Simon's Division

Brigade Agenois
Col. Marquis d'Audechamp
Agenois Regiment (2 battalions)
Gatinois Regiment
Brigade Touraine
Col. Vicomte de Pondeux
Touraine Regiment (2 battalions)

 

 

Detachment at Gloucester

Brig. Gen. Marquis de Choisy

Marines
Lauzun's Legion
(2 squadrons of hussars from the compagnie generale and 2 eme Legion, 4 companies of infantry and detachment of gunners, 2 eme Legion)

 

 

 

 

 

This is a COPY with ORIGIAL links - - - - - - - - - - -

French Army

The French forces at Yorktown came from two separate sources. The larger force, under the command of Lieutenant General the Comte de Rochambeau, landed at Newport, Rhode Island in 1780, and marched overland to join Washington's army outside New York in the summer of 1781. These troops marched with Washington's army from New York to Yorktown. More of the French troops were transported by boat on the Chesapeake than Americans, due to the French fleet commanders' preferences for transporting their own. The second source for French troops was the Caribbean colony of Saint-Domingue, where Admiral de Grasse picked up more than 3,000 troops under the command of Major General the Marquis de St. Simon before departing for North America. The land forces were also supplemented by a number of marines provided by de Grasse in support of the siege.

Commander Lt. Gen. Comte de Rochambeau, commanding

Artillery
Lt. Col. Comte d'Aboville

Auxonne Regiment
Metz Regiment

Infantry
Maj. Gen. Baron de Viomenil's Division

Brigade Bourbonnois
Col. Marquis de Laval
Bourbonnois Regiment
Royal Deux-Ponts Regiment

Maj. Gen. Vicomte de Viomenil's Division

Brigade Soissonois
Col. Marquis de St. Maime
Soissonois Regiment (2 battalions)
Saintonge Regiment (2 battalions)

Maj. Gen. Marquis de St. Simon's Division

Brigade Agenois
Col. Marquis d'Audechamp
Agenois Regiment (2 battalions)
Gatinois Regiment
Brigade Touraine
Col. Vicomte de Pondeux
Touraine Regiment (2 battalions)

Detachment at Gloucester
Brig. Gen. Marquis de Choisy

Marines
Lauzun's Legion
(2 squadrons of hussars from the compagnie generale and 2 eme Legion, 4 companies of infantry and detachment of gunners, 2 eme Legion)
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