Reference 20th Century and Reconstruction

Civilian Conservation Corps

FROM HERE: There were four camps, NM-1 (Company 323), NM-2 (Company 325), NM-3 (Company 1351), NM-4 (Company 2305) in the area. The enrollees were all African American with Company 2305 being made up of older war veterans. A major part of their work was archeological. But they also landscaped along the Colonial Parkway, did erosion control work, and protected the area from fire. They participated in a pilot program to control malaria which included draining marsh, clearing forests, and treating water with mosquito control chemicals.

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A Civilian Conservation Corps crew installs fraises as part of the reconstruction of fortifications on the Yorktown Battlefield (Fusilier's Redoubt?).

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A Civilian Conservation Corps crew mounts a mortar in the Grand French Battery on the Yorktown Battlefield.

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Opened originally as the Yorktown Country Club in the 1920s, portions of the Yorktown Battlefield were used as a golf course until the 1950s. Here, a golfer approaches the green just outside the Yorktown National Cemetery.

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The reconstructed Grand French Battery, shortly after completion

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The Civilian Conservation Corps operated a carpenter shop in Yorktown, where they built carriages to mount cannon on the battlefield.

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Notes