British Outer Defenses vs Maps

Evidence suggests that the British outer works to the west of the hornwork (vicinity of the French portion of the 1st parallel) included as many as five works. As per the Colonial Historical Park map, works include the Long Neck redoubt, the Pigeon Hill redoubt [south], a redoubt just north of Pigeon Hill (Pigeon Hill [north]) and a work south of the Hampton Road. An additional work just east of the Pigeon Hill redoubt is identified as an Allied redoubt, post investment.

NUMBER OF WORKS. Three works on French recon map, four works on post-seige maps, 2 currently at CHP; 5 works marked on CHP map.

 

    1) Longneck or "Untouched" Redoubt

    - Present on ONE maps compared, identified as British.
      Notes:
    • Possibly identified as the leftmost work on the 1781 Gouvion map (or it is a Pigeon Hill work)

    2) Pigeon Hill Redoubt [north]

    - Present on some maps compared, identified as British.
      Notes:
    • Possibly identified as the leftmost work on the 1781 Gouvion map (or Pigeon Hill [south] or Untouched work)
    • British from the 2014 CHP map.

    3) Pigeon Hill Redoubt [south]

    - Present on most maps compared, identified as British.
      Notes:
    • Possibly identified as the leftmost work on the 1781 Gouvion map (or Pigeon Hill [north] or Untouched work)
    • British from the 2014 CHP map.

    4) Allied Redoubt

    - Present on most maps compared, identified both as British and Allied, believed to be Allied built after investment.
      Notes:
    • British from the 1781 Anon recon map (one of three British works mapped including Pigeon Hill [south?] and Hampton Road).
    • Allied from the 1781 Gouvion map (part of the 1st Parallel).
    • Allied from the 1781 La Combe II map (part of the 1st Parallel).
    • Allied from the 1825 Perron map (part of the 1st Parallel).
    • Allied from the 2014 CHP map (part of the 1st Parallel).

    5) Hampton Road Redoubt

    - Present on all maps compared, identified as British.
      Notes:
    • British from the 2014 CHP map.

The Maps


[September] 1781 Anon

French reconnaissance map from here.

  • Three British works: Hampton Road, Pigeon Hill [south]. A third work just above and to the right of Pigeon Hill [south] (same side of the road) appears on this map.

October 1781 Gouvion

From Lt. Col Gouvion's survey made just 10 days after the surrender from here.

  • Two British works: Hampton Road and ?. A third work between the two British is identified as part of the 1st Allied seige line.

October 1781 La Combe II

Rochambaeu's official map of the seige from here.

  • Two British works: Two Pigeon Hill [north & south] redoubts. The Hampton Road work is identified as part of the 1st Allied seige line as well as another work south of the roadXXX.

October 1781 du Perron

From Lt. Col Gouvion's survey made just 10 days after the surrender from here.

  • Two British works: Two Pigeon Hill [north & south] redoubts. Neither the Hampton Road work nor the work south of the roadXXX is identified clearly, but they appear to be part of the 1st Allied seige line.

2012 Google Map

From here.

  • Pigeon Hill [south] is clearly visible in its restored condition. The road and turnabout for the Untouched Redoubt is also visible.

2014 Colonial Historical Park Map

From here.

  • Pigeon Hill [south] and the Untouched Redoubt are labeled. Two other British works (Pigeon Hill [north] and Hampton Road) are marked but not labeled as well as an Allied work, south of the roadXXX.

2014 Colonial Historical Park Visitor Center Diorama

From here. Angle is not inline with other maps.

  • The diorama supports the maps of La Combe, du Perron; also appears to support the theory of four British works in the area. Unknown if the Long Neck redoubt is represented. Could indicate that the Long Neck and Pigeon Hill [north] are one in the same.

 


Pigeon Hill Redoubt [SOUTH]

As reconstructed by the Civilian Conservation Corps in 1937.

Long Neck or Untouched Redoubt

Untouched.