Maps 1700s

 

1781 Anon

Overall view of the Yorktown area between the James and York Rivers

French map, original notes.

 


1781 Anon

Overall view of the Yorktown area between the James and York Rivers

French map, final draft from notes.

 


 

1781 Anon

French Map - British Works

 

Pre-investment by the Allies, reconnaissance map of the British defenses at Yorktown [September(?) 1781].

 

 


 

1781 Gouvion

Plan Figure of the attacks of York in Virginia by the Allied Armies of America and France commanded by his Excellency General Washington, his Excellency the Count Rochambeau commanding the French Army also Planned Figure of the Attacks of York and Virginia but the Allied Army of the American and France Commands by his Excellency General Washington, his Excellency Le Count Rochambeau, commanding the French Army

 

"Washington's Official Map" - Map of the battle, drawn by hand at the direction of Jean Baptiste Gouvion, who had been at the battle and is thought to have been owned by George Washington himself. Sold in 2010 at a world record price of $1.15m. Gouvion was one of the four French military engineers sent to American in response to a special request of the US Congress.

 

1952 Washington's Official Map

Plan of the Attacks of York in Virginia by the Allied Armies of America and FranceCommanded by hie Excellency General Washington his Excellency the Count Rochambeau Commanding the French Army

 

Ten days after the battle Lieutenant Colonels Jean Baptiste Gouvion prepared this detailed battle map of the siege of Yorktown (The British works are presumably based on the more complete survey that it was possible to make after the surrender.). Gouvion was the person responsible for the content of the map, although the actual drafting was presumably the work of a draftsman in the engineer unit. The map was drawn in black ink on a sheet about 38” x 29” in a size made up of several irregular pieces of paper. Number of maps produced is unknown.

The scale of the original measures about 1-5/8” to 200 yards or about 370 feet to 1 inch or about 1..4440.

Plan Figure of the attacks of York in Virginia by the Allied Armies of America and France commanded by his Excellency General Washington, his Excellency the Count Rochambeau commanding the French Army also Planned Figure of the Attacks of York and Virginia but the Allied Army of the American and France Commands by his Excellency General Washington, his Excellency Le Count Rochambeau, commanding the French Army


 

1781 Fage

Captain Edward Fage, Royal Artillery

A Plan of the Posts of York and Gloucester in the Province of Virginia, Established by His Majesty's Army under the Command of Lieut. General Earl Cornwallis, together with The Attacks and Operations of the American & French Forces Commanded by General Washington and the Count of Rochambeau ... 1781, Surveyed by Capt.n Fage of the Royal Artillery.

 

British. Print. Mariners' Museum


 

1781 Unknown

Anon

Position of the troops under Earl Cornwallis on the 28 and 29th September 1781; when the enemy first appeared.


 

 

Showing First Allied siege line

1781 Berthier

Plan d'York en Virginie avec les attaques faites par les Armées françoise et américaine en 8bre. 1781

Map by Querenet de la Combe, a cartographer and lieutenant colonel of engineers with the army of the French commander, General Rochambeau.

Relief is shown by hachures. Scale is given in toises, an old French unit measuring almost 1.95 meters.

 

 

Showing Second Allied siege line


 

1781 Hayman

Lieut. John Hayman, 17th Infy, English

Plan of the Siege of Yorktown

 

1781 St. Simon

Mis. de St. Simon

Carte de la campagne de la division aux ordres du Mis. de St. Simon en Virginie depuis le 2 7bre. 1781 jusq-a la reddition d'Yorck le 19 8bre. meme année

Journal des campagnes de l'Amérique depuis le 5 juillet 1781 jusqu'au 12 avril 1782

 


 

1781 La Combe

Plan d'York en Virginie avec les attaques faites par les Armées françoise et américaine en 8bre. 1781

Map by Querenet de la Combe, a cartographer and lieutenant colonel of engineers with the army of the French commander, General Rochambeau.

Relief is shown by hachures. Scale is given in toises, an old French unit measuring almost 1.95 meters.

 

1781 La Combe

Plan d'York en Virginie

Plan d'York en Virginie avec les attaques and les Campemens de Lamee Combinee de France et d'Amérique (Plan of Yorktown, Virginia with the attacks and encampments of the combined armies of France and America).

Rochambeau Map Collection, Library of Congress


 

1781 Bauman

Sebastn. Bauman, major of the New York or 2nd Regt of Artillery

To His Excellency Genl. Washington, Commander in Chief of the armies of the United States of America, this plan of the investment of York and Gloucester has been surveyed and laid down, and is most humbly dedicated by His Excellency's obedient servant, Sebastn. Bauman, major of the New York or 2nd Regt of Artillery.

Sebastian Bauman an officer of German extraction attached to Lamb's artillery, American Artillery Corp. Note on the map, "This Plan was taken between the 22nd & 23th of October 1781." Generally considered to be the best American map of the siege, as well as the earliest American map.

American. Print. 1782. Library of Congress. ALSO here

 

FIX THIS FROM Sebastian Bauman (1739-1803) was born in Frankfurt, trained as a military engineer and served for a time in the Austrian Army. He emigrated to British America in time to serve in the New York militia during the French and Indian War. His first service in the Revolution was also with the militia, but in early 1777 he was promoted to major and assigned to the Col. John Lamb’s 2nd Continental Artillery. From 1779 he was at West Point, during which time his plans of the fortress were stolen by Benedict Arnold and later found on the person of Major Andre. He was with the 2nd Continental Artillery at Yorktown, where the unit served with distinction. A note on the plan suggests that Bauman himself surveyed the field of battle “between the 22nd & 28th of October, 1781,” i.e., almost immediately after the British surrender on October 19. His drafts seem to have met with great approval, for by early 1782 announcements such as the following began appearing in American newspapers: “Major BAUMAN of the New York or Second Regiment of Artillery Has drawn a MAP Of the Investment of York and Gloucester, in Virginia. “Showing how those points were besieged in form by the allied army of America and France; the British linesof defense, and the American and French lines of approach; with part of the York River, and the British ships, as they then sunk in it before York-Town; and the whole encampment in its vicinity. “This MAP, by desire of many gentlemen, will shortly be published in Philadelphia, in order that the public may form an idea of that memorable siege. Those gentlemen who wish to become subscribers, will apply to Captain Arnold, in Morristown, and to the printer hereof; where the conditions will be shown, and subscription money be received.” (New-Jersey Journal, January 30, 1782) Yet there must have been delays, as Guthorn notes a June 26, 1782 letter from Bauman to von Steuben indicating that the map was being printed. (Guthorn, p.8) An announcement in the Pennsylvania Packet for July 18 confirms this and also informs us that the price to subscribers was $2. Whatever the exact date of its release, Bauman’s plan would have been most Americans’ first graphical interpretation of the events of the battle.

1796 Smith

A Plan of the Investment of York and Gloucester, Virginia

From Charles Smith’s Monthly Military Repository, one of the earliest obtainable American engraved plans of the battle.

Smith’s Repository (1796-1797) included instruction on military strategy, conduct, and clothing, extracts from histories of European wars and, more importantly descriptions of American Revolutionary battles. Most of the descriptions for the American battles were taken from the writings of Baron Steuben and Gen. Horatio Gates. Included were a series of revolutionary battle plans based on prototypes published in London. In 1797 Smith reissued the American material from the Repository in a single volume under the title The American War.

 

1825 Renault

Plan of York Town In Virginia And Adjacent Country

Exhibiting the operations of the American French & English armies, during the siege at that place in Oct. 1781. Surveyed from the 22nd to the 28th Octr. Drawn by Jn. F. Renault, with a Crow-pen and presented to the Marques De La Fayette. Engraved by B. Tanner.

Author: Renault, Jn. F. This is a engraved copy of the original 1782 map of Yorktown by Sebastian Bauman. This copy was made in 1825 and presented to Lafayette on the occasion of his visit to America. The map is not dated, and we have taken the (1825) date from Fite and Freeman.

 

 


 

1781 Ewald

Plan von ? York Town in Virginia

Captain Johann von Ewald

What survey? Ewald was a German military officer from Hesse-Kassel and the commander of the Jäger corps of the Hessian Leib Infantry Regiment attached to British forces in the American Revolutionary War from October 1776 until his capture at Yorktown in 1781.

There are many claims (the internet) that Ewald's plan appears to be based on other maps of the time: a plan of the same title published in London on March 1, 1787 [Faden] and used by Tarleton in his History of the Campaigns of 1780 and 1781.  From Bloomburg University's Harvey A. Andruss Library, "He [Ewald] kept a diary of his experiences throughout the Revolutionary War, but just as importantly created numerous maps of the areas he was in, with the placement of troops and fortifications. The diary was acquired following World War II by a Bloomsburg native, Major Joseph P. Tustin, a historian for the United States Air Forces in Europe who came across it in his travels. He spent 30 years translating the work and verifying facts, and it was published in 1979 by Yale University Press under the title Diary of the American War: A Hessian Journal. The published work included 33 of the original color maps from the four volumes of the diary, but they were reproduced in black and white." Ewald did extended his plan concerning Gloucester County as well as added his own remarks and landmarks.

1781 Anon

Carte des environs d'York avec les attaques à la position des Armées francaise et americaine devant cette place

Carte des environs d'York avec les attaques à la position des Armées francaise et americaine devant cette place

 


 

 

1781 du Perron
1825 du Perron

Carte d'York, en Virginie, montrant les attaques menées par les armées française et américaine en octobre 1781

A map of Yorktown, by Joachim du Perron, comte de Revel, with notes biographical, nautical and cartographical on the journals and maps of du Perron, 1781-1782, by Gilbert Chinard, Robert G. Albion, and Lloyd A. Brown. The map is a reproduction of the Yorktown map in the original manuscript volume of "Journal particulier d'une campagne aux Indes occidentales" by Joachim du Perron. "Five hundred copies ... printed ... Of this edition, half the copies bear the imprint of the Princeton university library and half the imprint of the American friends of Lafayette."

Sous-lieutenant Joachim Du Perron, comte de Revel, served in a detachment aboard French Admiral Comte de Grasse's fleet from March 1781 to August 1782, during which time he participated in seven naval engagements against the British, as well as land service at the siege of Yorktown in 1781 and kept a detailed journal of his seventeen months' service in America and the West Indies in 1781-82.

 


 

1781 Hills

Plan of York Town and Gloucester in Virginia

Plan of York Town and Gloucester in Virginia Showing the works constructed for the defense of those posts by the R "Honerable Lieu. General Earl Cornwallis with the attacks of the combined army of French and Rebels under the command of the generals Count de Rochambaud and Washington which capitulated October 1781.

1785 Hills

A Draught of York its Environs

Map created from an actual survey in the possession of "Jno. Hills, Lt in the 23rd Regt & Alfs Eng."

 


 

1781 Sutherland

[Plan of York Town and Gloucester in Virginia

Curious why there isn't more available from the man that designed the British works at York and Gloucester...

This map is from the Historic Resource Study and Historic Structure Report for November 1976, The Allies at Yorktown: A Bicentennial History of the Siege of 1781 by Jerome A. Greene (page 470). Greene sites the map:

    Illustration 24:

    Sketch map by Lieutenant Sutherland, British Engineers, showing redoubts (H, H, H) proposed but never built.

    Detail from Map 57B.
    Courtesy William L. Clements Library.

Lt. Alexander Sutherland noted in the on-line Virginia Colonial Records as the engineer who surveyed and reported on possibilities of establishing a fortification at Old Point Comfort (1781). This Alexander was a much sought after engineer with the Cornwallis Army. He was a POW captured during or at start of the Yorktown seige whose exchange was sought but never implemented during the War. Lt. Alexander Sutherland was with Clinton's army in New York before being sent to Cornwallis at Yorktown. There he surveyed locations for the last battle, and recommended that Old Point Comfort was ideal but would be too expensive to properly fortify at that time and circumstance. This later became Hampton Roads and Fort Monroe, the largest stone fort ever built in the U.S. and the only moat-encircled fort still in use today.

Lt. Sutherland was captured at Yorktown, and held for a year or two in VA awaiting exchange of prisoners. Upon release he could have served in Jamaica as I recall, and later returned to England where he took a lengthy leave of absence. Then he was sent to Flanders to fight Napolean and was killed in battle around 1812.

 


 

1781 - Le Rouge

Orignal

Plan de l'armée de Cornwallis attaquée et faitte prisonière dans York Town, le 19 8bre par l'armée combinée francaise et americaine

1781 - du Vault

Second

Plan de l'armée de Cornwallis attaquée et faitte prisonière dans York Town, le 19 8bre par l'armée combinée francaise et americaine

 


 

1787 Faden

Plan of the Siege of York Town in Virginia

This map was published to illustrate Banastre Tarleton’s history of the war. Although the French and Americans were attacking field fortifications, they still employed the same techniques—zigzag saps and parallels—that would have been employed against a permanent fortress in Europe or America.

(London, 1787). Colored, copperplate engraving. Map Division, Stevens no. 147. Maps 6-G-17.

This map has some striking similarities to Fage's map.

1794 Faden

Plan of the Siege of York Town in Virginia

This is the second appearance of this plan of Yorktown, which first appeared in Banastre Tarleton's A History of the Campaigns of 1780 & 1781. This is the second issue of he map, re-engraved for STEDMAN'S History of the American War, published in London in 1793 WIlliam Faden.

 


 

1785 Abernethie

Plan of the Investment of York & Glouchester, by the Allied Armies: in Sept. & Oct. 1781

Issued in David Ramsay's "History of the Revolution of South Carolina...". Thomas Abernethie was an early engraver in Charleston, South Carolina. Very little is known about his life and work, which includes the maps for Ramsay's book, some treasury notes for the City of Charleston early Masonic bookplates and other local ephemera. With the exception of Moreau Sarrazin's plan of St. Augustine, published in Charleston in 1742, Abernethie's maps are apparently the earliest maps published south of the Mason-Dixon Line.

The source material for Abernethie's maps is also interesting. Abernethie's map of Yorktown is quite possibly derived from American sources. Nebenzahl notes that Abernethie's map was subsequently copied by Thomas Conder for William Gordon's History of the United States (London 1787), but does not note the source as a printed battle plan, leading to the conclusion that the source might well be American.

1787 Ramsay

Plan de Siege d'York et de Gloucester par les Armees Alliees

1788 Gordon

Yorktown and Gloucester Point

York Town and Gloucester Point as besieged by the Allied Army. Engraved for Dr. Gordon's History of the American War

1788 Condor

Yorktown and Gloucester Point

York Town and Gloucester Point as besieged by the Allied Army. Engraved for Dr. Gordon's History of the American War

 


 

1784 Chesnoy

Major Michel Capitaine du Chesnoy

Major Michel Capitaine du Chesnoy drew this superb manuscript map for General Lafayette to record the decisive battle of the American Revolution. Its colors are clear and bright, and it shows in great detail the fortifications and military positions of the two armies in and around this little Virginia town.

1787 Soules

Plan D'York en Virginie avec les attaques et les Campemens de l'Armee combinee de France et d'Amerique

The map provides a detailed look at the battle of Yorktown, based upon French sources, Henri Soules

The map appeared in Francois Soules' Histoire des troubles de l'Amerique Anglais, published in Paris in 1787. Because the map lacks a title and is therefore somewhat difficult to describe, it has not gotten the attention that it deserves in contemporary bibliographies.

1850 - Lamb Memoir

Memoir of the Life and Times of General John Lamb

Memoir of the Life and Times of General John Lamb, an Officer of the Revolution who Commanded the Post at West Point at the Time of Arnold's Defection, and His Correspondence with Washington, Clinton, Patrick Henry and other Distinguished Men of His Time.

By Isaac Q. Leake, published in Albany in 1850

 


 

1803 - Anon

from Marshall's "Life of Washington"

Page 265

1807 - Marshall

Investissement et Attaque D'York dans la Virginie

Author John Marshall. Published by Dentu, Imprimeur-Libraire, Paris. Engraved by J.N. Buache 1807

 


 

1781 - Marie Madeleine Gardette

Plan d'York en Virginie

Baie de Chesapeak - plan de l'attaque des villes de Yorck et Gloucester dans lesquelles êtoit fortifie le Général Cornwalia, fait prisonner le 19 Octobre 1781