Maps 1700s

 

1781 Anon

A Draught of York its Environs

Map of Yorktown, Virginia, October 1781 (Gilder Lehrman Collection). “A Draught of York and its Environs." Henry Knox Papers. Massachusetts Historical Society.

Map is been both described as American and English, with a handwritten note from Knox or Cornwallis, "You will deliver the town immediately."

 


1781 Anon

Notes sur les environs de York: Plan donné par des arpenteurs du pays.

________. "Notes sur les environs de York: Plan donné par des arpenteurs du pays." Rochambeau Map Collection; Map Division. Library of Congress.

 

 

1781 Anon

Notes sur les environs de York.

________. "Notes sur les environs de York." Rochambeau Map Collection; Map Division. Library of Congress.

 

French map, final draft from notes.


1781 Anon

Plan des ouvrages faits à York-town en Virginie.

________. "Plan des ouvrages faits à York-town en Virginie." Rochambeau Map Collection; Map Division. Library of Congress.

 

Pre-investment by the Allies, reconnaissance map of the British defenses at Yorktown [September(?) 1781].


1781 Gouvion

Plan Figure of the attacks of York in Virginia by the Allied Armies of America and France commanded by his Excellency General Washington, his Excellency the Count Rochambeau commanding the French Army

Bibliography.

 

"Washington's Official Map" - Map of the battle, drawn by hand at the direction of Jean Baptiste Gouvion, who had been at the battle and is thought to have been owned by George Washington himself. Sold in 2010 at a world record price of $1.15m. Gouvion was one of the four French military engineers sent to American in response to a special request of the US Congress. This white map from: Colonel Tobias Lear, General George Washington’s Aide de Camp and one of his personal best friends and the Commodore Stephen Decatur. The map, hand done at the direction of Jean Baptiste Gouvion (who actually took part in the siege), was done a matter of days after the battle took place. It is believed this map had belonged to General George Washington himself, as it is a known fact that Tobias Lear handled Washington’s papers after Washington’s death.

 

1952 Gouvion Fascimile

Plan of the Attacks of York in Virginia by the Allied Armies of America and France Commanded by his Excellency General Washington his Excellency the Count Rochambeau Commanding the French Army

Bibliography.

 

"Washington's Official Map" - Map of the battle, drawn by hand at the direction of Jean Baptiste Gouvion, who had been at the battle and is thought to have been owned by George Washington himself. Sold in 2010 at a world record price of $1.15m. Gouvion was one of the four French military engineers sent to American in response to a special request of the US Congress.

Ten days after the battle Lieutenant Colonels Jean Baptiste Gouvion prepared this detailed battle map of the siege of Yorktown (The British works are presumably based on the more complete survey that it was possible to make after the surrender.). Gouvion was the person responsible for the content of the map, although the actual drafting was presumably the work of a draftsman in the engineer unit. The map was drawn in black ink on a sheet about 38” x 29” in a size made up of several irregular pieces of paper. Number of maps produced is unknown.

The scale of the original measures about 1-5/8” to 200 yards or about 370 feet to 1 inch or about 1..4440.

Plan Figure of the attacks of York in Virginia by the Allied Armies of America and France commanded by his Excellency General Washington, his Excellency the Count Rochambeau commanding the French Army also Planned Figure of the Attacks of York and Virginia but the Allied Army of the American and France Commands by his Excellency General Washington, his Excellency Le Count Rochambeau, commanding the French Army

    The 28th of September the allied army arrived before York and found the enemy in the possession of the works marked “AAA”. The night of the 29 to the 30 the enemy evacuated these posts, the opening of the trenches was made from the 6th to the 7th. “BBB” the first parallel with its communications begun as above and completed the night following. The Battery’s of the parallel were commenced from the 7th to the 8th. The 9th in the afternoon, some Battery’s were able to fire and in the morning of the 10th they were all opened. The night of the 11th-12th, the second parallel with its communications “KKKK” in the direction of CD was undertaken and finished in the course of the succeeding day and night. The 13th, the battery’s of the second parallel were commended, the _? ef of the first parallel continued to fire upon the two works, “G” and “H”. The night of the 14th and 15th the two works “G” and “H” were carried, fixed in sword in hand by Baron Deviomenil Marched of Camp and Major General Marquis de Lafayette the lodgment effect and the second parallel continued as far as those works and the communications “IIII” were made. The 17th, some of the battery’s of the second parallel commenced their fire the same day Lord Cornwallis sent to offer terms. Took the enemies works are colored with red, there of the allied army with yellow.


1781 Fage

A Plan of the Posts of York and Gloucester in the Province of Virginia, Established by His Majesty's Army under the Command of Lieut. General Earl Cornwallis, together with The Attacks and Operations of the American & French Forces Commanded by General Washington and the Count of Rochambeau ... 1781, Surveyed by Capt.n Fage of the Royal Artillery.

Captain Edward Fage, Royal Artillery. British. Print. Mariners' Museum

 

Description

 

1781 Fage

A Plan of the Posts of York and Gloucester in the Province of Virginia, Established by His Majesty's Army under the Command of Lieut. General Earl Cornwallis, together with The Attacks and Operations of the American & French Forces Commanded by General Washington and the Count of Rochambeau ... 1781, Surveyed by Capt.n Fage of the Royal Artillery.

Captain Edward Fage, Royal Artillery. British. Print. Mariners' Museum

 

Description


1781 Fage/Sutherland?

Position of the troops under Earl Cornwallis on the 28 and 29th September 1781; when the enemy first appeared.

Henry Clinton Papers; William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan.

 

Description


1781 Sutherland

Sketch of the posts of York Town and Gloucester Point shewing the French and rebel attacks upon the former in October, 1781.

Henry Clinton Papers; William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan.

 

Description

 

1781 Sutherland

Plan of York Town and Gloucester in Virginia

Bibliography

 

This map is from the Historic Resource Study and Historic Structure Report for November 1976, The Allies at Yorktown: A Bicentennial History of the Siege of 1781 by Jerome A. Greene (page 470). Greene sites the map:

    Illustration 24:

    Sketch map by Lieutenant Sutherland, British Engineers, showing redoubts (H, H, H) proposed but never built.

    Detail from Map 57B.
    Courtesy William L. Clements Library.

Lt. Alexander Sutherland noted in the on-line Virginia Colonial Records as the engineer who surveyed and reported on possibilities of establishing a fortification at Old Point Comfort (1781). This Alexander was a much sought after engineer with the Cornwallis Army. He was a POW captured during or at start of the Yorktown seige whose exchange was sought but never implemented during the War. Lt. Alexander Sutherland was with Clinton's army in New York before being sent to Cornwallis at Yorktown. There he surveyed locations for the last battle, and recommended that Old Point Comfort was ideal but would be too expensive to properly fortify at that time and circumstance. This later became Hampton Roads and Fort Monroe, the largest stone fort ever built in the U.S. and the only moat-encircled fort still in use today.

Lt. Sutherland was captured at Yorktown, and held for a year or two in VA awaiting exchange of prisoners. Upon release he could have served in Jamaica as I recall, and later returned to England where he took a lengthy leave of absence. Then he was sent to Flanders to fight Napolean and was killed in battle around 1812.


1781 Berthier

Title

Bibliography.

 

First Allied siege line.

 

1781 Berthier

Title of the map

Bibliography.

 

Showing Second Allied siege line


1781 Hayman

Plan of the Siege of Yorktown

Lieut. John Hayman, 17th Infy, English.

 

Description


1781 St. Simon

Carte de la campagne de la division aux ordres du Mis. de St. Simon en Virginie depuis le 2 7bre. 1781 jusq-a la reddition d'Yorck le 19 8bre. meme année

Mis. de St. Simon.

 

Journal des campagnes de l'Amérique depuis le 5 juillet 1781 jusqu'au 12 avril 1782


1781 La Combe

Plan d'York en Virginie avec les attaques faites par les Armées françoise et américaine en 8bre. 1781

La Combe, Querenet de. “Plan d'York en Virginie avec les attaques faites par les Armées françoise et américaine en 8bre. 1781." Rochambeau Map Collection; Map Division. Library of Congress.

 

Map by Querenet de la Combe, a cartographer and lieutenant colonel of engineers with the army of the French commander, General Rochambeau. Relief is shown by hachures. Scale is given in toises, an old French unit measuring almost 1.95 meters.

 

1781 La Combe

Plan d'York en Virginie avec les attaques and les Campemens de Lamee Combinee de France et d'Amérique (Plan of Yorktown, Virginia with the attacks and encampments of the combined armies of France and America).

La Combe, Querenet de.. "Plan d'York en Virginie avec les attaques and les Campemens de Lamee Combinee de France et d'Amérique" Rochambeau Map Collection; Map Division. Library of Congress.

 

Description


1781 BAUMAN

Title of the map

American Philosophical Society Digital Library. 66 x 48cm

 

Description

 

1781 BAUMAN

Title of the map

Norman B. Leventhal. 50 x 45cm..

 

Description

 

1781 Bauman

To His Excellency Genl. Washington, Commander in Chief of the armies of the United States of America, this plan of the investment of York and Gloucester has been surveyed and laid down, and is most humbly dedicated by His Excellency's obedient servant, Sebastn. Bauman, major of the New York or 2nd Regt of Artillery.

Bauman, Sebastian. "To His Excellency Gen. Washington Commander in Chief of the Armies of the United States of America This Plan of the investment of York and Gloucester…” Rochambeau Map Collection; Map Division. Library of Congress

 

Sebastn. Bauman, major of the New York or 2nd Regt of Artillery.

Sebastian Bauman an officer of German extraction attached to Lamb's artillery, American Artillery Corp. Note on the map, "This Plan was taken between the 22nd & 23th of October 1781." Generally considered to be the best American map of the siege, as well as the earliest American map.

American. Print. 1782. Library of Congress. ALSO here

FIX THIS FROM Sebastian Bauman (1739-1803) was born in Frankfurt, trained as a military engineer and served for a time in the Austrian Army. He emigrated to British America in time to serve in the New York militia during the French and Indian War. His first service in the Revolution was also with the militia, but in early 1777 he was promoted to major and assigned to the Col. John Lamb’s 2nd Continental Artillery. From 1779 he was at West Point, during which time his plans of the fortress were stolen by Benedict Arnold and later found on the person of Major Andre. He was with the 2nd Continental Artillery at Yorktown, where the unit served with distinction. A note on the plan suggests that Bauman himself surveyed the field of battle “between the 22nd & 28th of October, 1781,” i.e., almost immediately after the British surrender on October 19. His drafts seem to have met with great approval, for by early 1782 announcements such as the following began appearing in American newspapers: “Major BAUMAN of the New York or Second Regiment of Artillery Has drawn a MAP Of the Investment of York and Gloucester, in Virginia. “Showing how those points were besieged in form by the allied army of America and France; the British linesof defense, and the American and French lines of approach; with part of the York River, and the British ships, as they then sunk in it before York-Town; and the whole encampment in its vicinity. “This MAP, by desire of many gentlemen, will shortly be published in Philadelphia, in order that the public may form an idea of that memorable siege. Those gentlemen who wish to become subscribers, will apply to Captain Arnold, in Morristown, and to the printer hereof; where the conditions will be shown, and subscription money be received.” (New-Jersey Journal, January 30, 1782) Yet there must have been delays, as Guthorn notes a June 26, 1782 letter from Bauman to von Steuben indicating that the map was being printed. (Guthorn, p.8) An announcement in the Pennsylvania Packet for July 18 confirms this and also informs us that the price to subscribers was $2. Whatever the exact date of its release, Bauman’s plan would have been most Americans’ first graphical interpretation of the events of the battle.

 

1825 Renault

Plan of York Town In Virginia And Adjacent Country

Bibliography

 

Exhibiting the operations of the American French & English armies, during the siege at that place in Oct. 1781. Surveyed from the 22nd to the 28th Octr. Drawn by Jn. F. Renault, with a Crow-pen and presented to the Marques De La Fayette. Engraved by B. Tanner.

Author: Renault, Jn. F. This is a engraved copy of the original 1782 map of Yorktown by Sebastian Bauman. This copy was made in 1825 and presented to Lafayette on the occasion of his visit to America. The map is not dated, and we have taken the (1825) date from Fite and Freeman.


1781 Ewald

Plan von ? York Town in Virginia

Captain Johann von Ewald

  p>What survey? Ewald was a German military officer from Hesse-Kassel and the commander of the Jäger corps of the Hessian Leib Infantry Regiment attached to British forces in the American Revolutionary War from October 1776 until his capture at Yorktown in 1781.

There are many claims (the internet) that Ewald's plan appears to be based on other maps of the time: a plan of the same title published in London on March 1, 1787 [Faden] and used by Tarleton in his History of the Campaigns of 1780 and 1781.  From Bloomburg University's Harvey A. Andruss Library, "He [Ewald] kept a diary of his experiences throughout the Revolutionary War, but just as importantly created numerous maps of the areas he was in, with the placement of troops and fortifications. The diary was acquired following World War II by a Bloomsburg native, Major Joseph P. Tustin, a historian for the United States Air Forces in Europe who came across it in his travels. He spent 30 years translating the work and verifying facts, and it was published in 1979 by Yale University Press under the title Diary of the American War: A Hessian Journal. The published work included 33 of the original color maps from the four volumes of the diary, but they were reproduced in black and white." Ewald did extended his plan concerning Gloucester County as well as added his own remarks and landmarks.


1781 du Perron

Carte d'York, en Virginie, montrant les attaques menées par les armées française et américaine en octobre 1781

Bibliography

 

A map of Yorktown, by Joachim du Perron, comte de Revel, with notes biographical, nautical and cartographical on the journals and maps of du Perron, 1781-1782, by Gilbert Chinard, Robert G. Albion, and Lloyd A. Brown. The map is a reproduction of the Yorktown map in the original manuscript volume of "Journal particulier d'une campagne aux Indes occidentales" by Joachim du Perron. "Five hundred copies ... printed ... Of this edition, half the copies bear the imprint of the Princeton university library and half the imprint of the American friends of Lafayette."

Sous-lieutenant Joachim Du Perron, comte de Revel, served in a detachment aboard French Admiral Comte de Grasse's fleet from March 1781 to August 1782, during which time he participated in seven naval engagements against the British, as well as land service at the siege of Yorktown in 1781 and kept a detailed journal of his seventeen months' service in America and the West Indies in 1781-82.

 

1825 du Perron

Carte d'York, en Virginie, montrant les attaques menées par les armées française et américaine en octobre 1781

Bibliography

 

A map of Yorktown, by Joachim du Perron, comte de Revel, with notes biographical, nautical and cartographical on the journals and maps of du Perron, 1781-1782, by Gilbert Chinard, Robert G. Albion, and Lloyd A. Brown. The map is a reproduction of the Yorktown map in the original manuscript volume of "Journal particulier d'une campagne aux Indes occidentales" by Joachim du Perron. "Five hundred copies ... printed ... Of this edition, half the copies bear the imprint of the Princeton university library and half the imprint of the American friends of Lafayette."

Sous-lieutenant Joachim Du Perron, comte de Revel, served in a detachment aboard French Admiral Comte de Grasse's fleet from March 1781 to August 1782, during which time he participated in seven naval engagements against the British, as well as land service at the siege of Yorktown in 1781 and kept a detailed journal of his seventeen months' service in America and the West Indies in 1781-82.


1781 Hills

Plan of York Town and Gloucester in Virginia, shewing the works constructed for the defence of those posts by the Rt. Honble: Lieut. General Earl Cornwallis, with the attacks of the combined army of French and rebels under the command of the Generals Count de Rochambaud and Washington which capitulated October 1781.

Hills, Jonathan. "Plan of York Town and Gloucester in Virginia, shewing the works constructed for the defence of those posts by the Rt. Honble: Lieut. General Earl Cornwallis, with the attacks of the combined army of French and rebels under the command of the Generals Count de Rochambaud and Washington which capitulated October 1781." Map Division. Library of Congress.

 

Description

 

1785 Hills

A Plan of York Town and Gloucester, in the Province of Virginia, Shewing the Works constructed for the Defence of those Posts by the British Army, under the Command of Lt. Genl. Earl Cornwallis, together with the Attacks and Operations of the American and French Forces, Commanded by Genl. Washington and Count Rochambeau, to whom the said Posts were Surrendered on the 17th October 1781.

Hills, Jonathan. "A Plan of York Town and Gloucester, in the Province of Virginia, Shewing the Works constructed for the Defence of those Posts by the British Army, under the Command of Lt. Genl. Earl Cornwallis, together with the Attacks and Operations of the American and French Forces, Commanded by Genl. Washington and Count Rochambeau, to whom the said Posts were Surrendered on the 17th October 1781." Map Division. National Archives. Published in William Faden's 1793 "Atlas of Battles of the American Revolution."

 

A PLAN of YORK TOWN AND GLOUCESTER, IN THE PROVINCE OF VIRGINIA, Shewing the WORKS constructed for the Defence of those Posts by the BRITISH ARMY, under the Command of Lt. Genl. EARL CORNWALLIS; together with the Attacks and Operations of the American and French Forces, Commanded by/ GEN.L WASHINGTON and COUNT ROCHAMBEAU, to whom the said Posts were Surrendered on the 17.th October 1781. from an actual SURVEY in the Possession of JN.O HILLS, late Lieut.t in the 23.d Reg.t & Ass.t Eng.r LONDON: Printed for W.M FADEN, Geographer to the KING, Charing Cross, October 7.th 1785.


1781 Anon

York en Virginie, 1781. Carte des environs d'York avec les attaques à la position des Armées francaise et americaine devant cette place.

________. "York en Virginie, 1781. Carte des environs d'York avec les attaques à la position des Armées francaise et americaine devant cette place." Map Division. Library of Congress.

 

Description


1784 Chesnoy

Title of the map

Major Michel Capitaine du Chesnoy

 

Major Michel Capitaine du Chesnoy drew this superb manuscript map for General Lafayette to record the decisive battle of the American Revolution. Its colors are clear and bright, and it shows in great detail the fortifications and military positions of the two armies in and around this little Virginia town.


1781 Anon

TITLE

Bibliography

 

John Carter Brown Library